Project update - TRITIA Transport Model
Transport models currently play an important role in the decision-making process of transport policy direction and investment in the transport sector. Their application varies depending on the scope and subject of the analysis, and recently the issue of assessing measures to mitigate the effects of climate change and environmental burden has come to the forefront. The procedures applied in the design of the transport model largely depend on its purpose and the objectives for which it is developed. The basic purpose of the transport model is to make a qualified examination of the change in transport relations to the capacity of existing and planned transport infrastructure in the TRITIA cross-border region in relation to the potential for shifting part of freight to more environmentally friendly modes (rail and inland waterway). This implies the need to develop a multimodal transport model into which a transport network of those modes of transport relevant for the TRITIA project (i.e. road, rail and inland waterway transport) will be integrated. The very purpose of the model stems from the need to unify the approach of interested countries in the area of transport policy development activities with the aim of creating a modern transport infrastructure with ever increasing demand for transport. In relation to the stated purpose of the transport model, two main objectives are defined:1)Assess the current state of freight transport (road, rail and inland waterway transport, including intermodal transport terminals) in the TRITIA territory with a forecast by 2030. This means taking into account the gradual start-up of already planned strategic measures on the territory of individual regions in the horizon of the year 2030. The modelling will result in an expression of the share of water and rail freight transport and its potential to approach the objectives of the White Paper (shifting of road freight transport over 300 km to other modes of transport at least 30%).2)If the model does not demonstrate a reallocation of traffic in line with the White Paper commitments, the aim is to model alternative development scenarios based on Objective No. 1 (i.e. the planned measures resulting from the strategies) with reallocating freight traffic between modes so that these White Paper commitments are met. Subsequently, an analysis of bottlenecks on the multimodal transport network is carried out to identify those bottlenecks that need to be solved in the territory of the TRITIA regions in individual countries by 2030.