Zilina strategy plan 

The Action Plan for integration of low-carbon policies in the mobility planning of Žilina’s functional urban area has been elaborated following a common approach defined at consortium level during the first project phase. The document was developed as case study within SOLEZ project, while recommendations of the European Union ("The Joint Instrument (Manual) for the elaboration of the SOLEZ Action Plans") are processed within the document. The Action Plan represents the short and long term goals of introducing low carbon mobility in line with the SOLEZ project. The Action Plan outlines general recommendations for stakeholders and proposes specific solutions for problems that are related to the region of Zilina. The plan addresses not only quick - short (1-5 years) term measures to reduce the carbon trails of the city of Zilina but also describes solutions which are relevant in long (10 – 20 years) term horizon. This action plan aims at addressing the issue of urban emissions, which comes mainly from the transport. It supports the principle of reducing emissions through low-emission measures, in particular low-emission zones and restricted traffic zones. In addition, it focuses on parking, cycling, pedestrian and electromobility measures. The main processor of the action plan was the Faculty of Electrical Engineering of the University of Žilina, cooperating with local “stakeholders”, experts in the field of transport and e-mobility as well as with local authorities.

Expected impact and benefits of the strategy

The SOLEZ Action Plan of Zilina’s functional urban area will contribute to the reduction of congestion and polluting emissions and will improve the capacities of public administrators to implement integrated sustainable mobility strategies in their territories. The steps in the action plan are focused on the development of sustainable urban low carbon mobility. It defines a series of related concrete actions designed to meet the needs of mobility of individuals and businesses in the future. The main principles of design of the city's transport system are based on developments of conditions for sustainable mobility. These measures are time-consuming and cost-intensive and can be divided into 'fast-paced' solutions for short- to medium-term intervals. The action plan supports the principle of reducing emissions through low-emission measures, in particular low-emission zones and restricted traffic zones. Mobility strategies within functional urban areas focus on a long-term vision covering all modes of transport, passenger and freight transport, walking and cycling, parking, etc. In addition, capacity building activities, such as study visits and follow-up training workshops, have been carried on during the Action Plan elaboration process as complementary activities with the aim to increase local administrators and mobility operator’s knowledge on sustainable mobility best practices and inspire replication on their territories.

Lessons learned 

The combination of push and pull measures, innovative information and communication technologies and a focus on building personnel and expertise to implement measures to promote low-carbon mobility has led to the effective implementation and adoption of the proposed intervention. In addition, putting emphasis on communicating with the public, professionals and also exchanging experience and knowledge from the more developed regions of Central and Eastern Europe was very important and beneficial. All of this has led to improved low carbon mobility planning performance and increased partners' knowledge and experience in effective implementation and communication with key partners and stakeholders.

The participatory process adopted for the drafting of the Action Plan, with direct involvement and consultation of key stakeholders and delegates, played an important role in creating consensus and real commitment towards the developed plan. The transnational Study-visits and local peer-to-peer training activities implemented in the same period and addressed mainly to the same subjects, also contributed to the creation of trust and positive relations among the different involved actors. This way, they have been generally collaborative, supportive and really interested in the Action Planning process.

For this activity, transnational cooperation has been important on a twofold level. On the one hand, it provided value added in the development of a common methodology for the elaboration of SOLEZ Action Plans. On the other hand, the possibility to organize transnational study-visits and linked training activities, the opportunity to see how other cities addressed and solved similar problems, and the awareness of being “part of a bigger network” increased the interest and motivation of people involved in the planning process, thus significantly contributed to the success of the activity.