Compendium of existing approaches
The Compendium of existing approaches from other sources presents an overview of current lynx management approaches and monitoring methods, about challenges and problems arising with the occurrence, the detection and capture of Eurasian lynx to determine their distribution and population numbers outside the Bohemian-Bavarian-Austrian (BBA), East-Alpine and Dinaric population. It lists approaches (and outcomes) in countries of the European Union with Eurasian lynx populations and includes management and monitoring programs that are currently in use. Additionally, threats and arising conflict scenarios within the respective countries and populations are mentioned and applied conflict management and compensation schemes are described. With the goal of identifying and pointing potential options and solutions for conflict mitigation and reduction in future scenarios. The assessment of already implemented efforts within other lynx populations in the respective countries allows for identification of factors that act as barriers and drivers during implementation of active and passive monitoring schemes.
A conclusion provides a summary about the aspects of lynx management and monitoring, that have emerged as the most urgent and important topics in the respective countries and populations. Additionally, the appendix contains overview tables of applied management and monitoring schemes and compensation schemes, as well as existing/arising threats and conflicts for each country and population accompanied by a list of actual literature references, which cites approaches and publications allowing for easy access of information to deal with the respective topic in more detail.
Altogether, the compendium provides information about future choices concerning monitoring, participatory measures for stakeholder involvement and conflict reduction as well as other related topics, which are identified as crucial factors for functional Eurasian lynx conservation management and monitoring schemes in Europe.
Collection of-state-of-the-art participatory approaches for conflict reduction by stakeholder involvement
The present collection of state-of-the-art participatory approaches for conflict reduction by stakeholder involvement points out important factors summarizes and synthesizes them for the successful reduction of human – large carnivore conflicts. More precisely, which factors contribute to conflict; approaches that mitigate them and encourage acceptance, coexistence and present emerging trends and debates which could help to facilitate participatory approaches more directly towards the existing conflicts, that arise, exist and prevail. The document explains key concepts of participatory involvement and coexistence describes the importance of implementing participatory approaches into conservation management schemes to mitigate human – large carnivore conflicts. It examines main categories of human – large carnivore conflicts in regard of Eurasian lynx in the 3Lynx project area, characterizes factors influencing conflict and responses to conflict, including different types of participatory approaches, applied in different case studies across Europe. It aims at assistance to understand development, nature and generalized patterns of human – large carnivore conflicts, expanding boundaries of what is considered as conflict, gives an overview about different participatory tools and technologies, as well as providing information for collaboration to address, mitigate and solve human – large carnivore (Eurasian lynx) related conflicts and promote acceptance and coexistence.