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Project name Hydrogen Fuel Cell busses and refuse trucks fuelled by hydrogen produced from Municipal and Commercial Waste
Objective Objective 4.1
Priority Transport and mobility
Aim Tresoil Biofuels SRL (The Company) will promote a fast development and commercial take-up and deployment of new Powerhouse Energy (PHE) waste-to-energy, waste to hydrogen(PHEW2H) (CHP)-Ultra Heat Temperature (UHT) distributed gasification technology power plant to produce from Refuse-derived fuel (RDF) into hydrogen. RDF is a fuel produced from various types of wastes such as Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) and commercial waste. The Company believes the PHEW2H system, “has the potential to be one of the most robust, cost-effective, operationally efficient, and flexible gasification systems to hydrogen on the market” - capable of delivering distributed electrical generation as well as producing hydrogen at, or near, the point of end-use at a competitive cost. PHEW2H has two models a 5 (Sea Container) and 25 tons per day of MSW.

PHEW2H is an innovative disruptive technology solution to produce hydrogen from MSW and RDF. The objective of the proposal is to Build a PHEW2H demonstration plant to successfully scale up PHEW2H systems producing hydrogen to fuel for hydrogen busses and refuse trucks, and to further advance hydrogen technology for all transportation vehicles. Modular decentralised gasification PHEW2H allows for easy, economical, deployment and scaling of a solution to the environmental challenges of waste elimination and air pollution in Europe. PHEW2H performance, reliability can produce high quality, low cost, low carbon hydrogen fuel, a feat previously achievable by no other small scale waste conversion process. The PHEW2E system syngas alternatively can also produce electricity and thermal heat (CHP).

RDF with PHEW2H can be processed into 99.99% pure hydrogen (H2), to fuel hydrogen electric drive busses and refuse (garbage) trucks, reducing fossil fuels in a sustainable way. Hydrogen can be diverted from the PHEW2H syngas with existing, off-the-shelf technology, compressed, stored at site and delivered to appropriate infrastructure in what is perhaps the single most economical and environmentally responsible manner possible. Generating hydrogen in multiple locations, from a feedstock for which the Company is paid, to recharge fuel cell vehicles and become the road fuel of the future. Any back to base vehicles today that do daily round trips can fuel off one fuel pump. Buses and garbage trucks are mainly operational in densely populated urban community areas, in which there are strict criteria concerning emissions and environmental standards. A hydrogen fueled Bus or truck with zero emission is silent, meeting municipality’s waste collection and local residents’ requirements. 20 kg of hydrogen storage, will provides seven hours of continuous operation; this is much longer than a full day’s operation of current Busses and refuse trucks which need more than 168 litres of diesel fuel per day.
PHEW2E production of hydrogen (H2) for a waste-to-energy demonstration project
The project objective is to successfully scale up PHEW2H with this new innovative gasification technology of thermochemical decomposition of material (TCD) solution of processing municipal solid waste into RDF (refuse derived fuel) for hydrogen transportation and collection of waste. The feasibility report and full business plan will verify the technological/practical as well as economic viability of an innovatitive concept with considerable novelty to the hydrogen and fuel cell sector. The feasibility study will also comprise of risk assessment, market potential, user involvement, IP protection, strategy development, partner search and services for a new market transport applications to arrive at a cost of hydrogen at 2-4 Euro per kilo. Todays market price for hydro gen is 10 Euro/Kg.


With a PHEW2H system waste transfer stations and the integrated waste management industry will be able to divest them-selves of waste they collect on a daily basis, and take advantage of hydrogen production and re-fuelling hydrogen refuse trucks on-site. Depending on the calorific value of the waste-stream (“feedstock”) available to PHEW2H - UHT technology can convert every one ton of MSW, the equivalent of fossil fuel 450 litres of saleable, zero emission hydrogen transport fuel. This is a unique first to market process that potentially feeds Fuel Cell Vehicles (FCV), and un-locks the hydrogen economy. The project objective is to build a demonstration PHEW2H project a new innovative technology thermochemical decomposition of material (TCD) solution of processing municipal solid waste into refuse derived fuel applications for hydrogen urban transportation and collection of waste. The study will also comprise of risk assessment, market potential, IP management, strategy development and partner search.

With PHEW2E residential and commercial clients will be able to divest themselves of waste they collect on a daily basis, and take advantage of hydrogen production and fuelling hydrogen buses and refuse trucks on-site. The world market for waste-to-energy is projected to reach $33 billion by the year 2023. The modular hydrogen units, with smaller carbon footprints than other commercial fuels, remain ideally suited for local neighbourhood, and the unlocking of the hydrogen economy. A unique and first to market process that potentially unlocks the Fuel Cell Vehicle (FCV) market. The PHEW2E system has the potential to reduce the cost per mile of a hydrogen transport significantly lower than petrol or electric vehicles with a zero, arguably negative, carbon footprint. This puts the company in an excellent position to take advantage of growth in the FCV hydrogen market in Europe and globally.
Concept, scoping and methodology of producing hydrogen from waste
Busses and refuse trucks are a big source of air pollution in Bucharest and all European cities; the idea behind this showcase demonstration project is to propose one solution to the air pollution in Bucharest, which according to European statistics has the worst pollution problems in the EU.

The PHEW2E gasification innovation is differentiated from its competitors, by the unique Ultra- Heat Technology (1400 C o) kiln, where the reactor kiln is lined with special ceramics rated at (1500 oC) (developed from the NASA’s space program) , the same ceramic is in use on various key components so everything expands and contracts at the same time. This lining is extraordinarily hard wearing and resistant to all usual acid and chemicals that would rip apart all other material. This is why the reactor kiln can process even batteries and tires as well as the usual biomass/municipal and industrial waste. The kiln has an electric resistant heating element in a rotating vacuum with ceramic tube casing; the “hot Box” has only 4 moving parts for easy maintenance. A Circular Economy is an opportunity for Romania and Europe to stimulate its economic growth, by detaching itself from the use of fossil resources and eliminating waste to landfill.

A hydrogen fuel cell bus or refuse truck take 5 minutes to refuel and runs for up to 300 to 500 kilometers on one hydrogen fuel tank made from municipal and commercial waste saving the cost of fossil fuel transportation, landfilling taxes and polluting the air environment and ground water. A typical landfill could install a 25 TPD PHEW2H reformer/gasifier to produce enough hydrogen to fill 45 municipal fuel cell refuse trucks a day. These refuse trucks have zero harmful tailpipe emissions from hydrogen fuel, which means waste would actually be helping families and communities breathe cleaner air and solve a big waste management problem by not burying waste in landfills. The feasibility study WP0 will include:
a) Analysis and reasearch into the commerciallisation of hydrogen from waste in mobile transport
b) Analysis of RDF/hydrogen compliance with European international standards
c) Technical analysis of fuel cell-hydrogen/electric drivetrain powered bus and truck operations
d) Evaluate its environmental benefits in terms of reducing emissions in cities and landfill operations
e) Explore the commercial viability of a zero emission, hydrogen fuel cell-powered, heavy-duty, electric hybrid hydrogen truck for waste hauling applications as well as cars ,busses, forklifts(material handling)
f) Begin deployment testing and collect operational/cost data for PHEW2H for hydrogen transport
g) Evaluate its environmental benefits in terms of reducing vehicle emissions and fossil fuel consumption
h) Analysis of gender in skilled/unskilled specialised job opportunities in hydrogen transport economy
i) How the PHEW2H waste on-site disposal and hydrogen energy production solution to environment pollution by not sending waste to landfill makes financial and environmental sense.
PHEW2E modular system, distributed production
PHEW2E demonstration unit is small-scale; its design allows simple expansion via a modular approach for the distributed production of electricity and hydrogen. “Distributed production” refers to hydrogen being produced in generally small units at the location where it is needed, thus eliminating the need for, and the costs associated with fuel transportation. This is in contrast to centralised production where typically large units require a delivery infrastructure to get the hydrogen to its users – thus incurring further costs. Being produced on site also eliminates grid losses should the fuel be used for on-site power generation as it is made and delivered exactly where it is needed.
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