WHY THESE POPULATIONS?
In this project, Bohemian-Bavarian-Austrian Population, Dinaric population and Alpine Population are involved. All three are small isolated populations. All were established by reintroduction of animals from Carpathian population. All of them occupy areas shared by numbers of countries.
Knowledge about lynx biology and ecology is crucial for any species conservation. But the debate should not only be about reintroduction, monitoring, genetics and problems with landscape fragmentation and hunting. It has to be about international cooperation as well, as the lynx does not acknowledge state borders. Focusing only on the problems of lynx population’s status on a state level is likely to lead to a dead end. Doubtless, many countries do a good job in trying to push lynx protection forward.
Therefore, according to the European Commission Guidelines for Population Level Management Plans for Large Carnivores and the Recommendation of the Standing Committee of the Bern Convention, large carnivore populations that are small, isolated and shared by many EU countries should be given conservation priority. Moreover, all states, who are sharing these populations, should prepare joint strategies and management plans. This is the main goal of the 3Lynx project.