WHY THESE POPULATIONS?
In this project, Czech – Bavarian – Austrian (Bohemian-Bavarian Population) and Slovenian-Italian (Dinaric respectively Alpine Population) lynx populations are involved. All of them are small isolated populations. All were established by reintroduction of animals from Carpathian population. All of them occupy areas shared by numbers of countries.
Focusing only on the problems of lynx population’s status on a state level is likely to lead to a dead end. Doubtless, many countries do a good job in trying to push lynx protection forward. Thus knowledge about lynx biology and ecology is crucial. But the debate should not only be about reintroduction, monitoring, genetics and problems with landscape fragmentation and hunting. It has to be about international cooperation as well, as the lynx does not acknowledge state borders.
Therefore, according to the European Commission Guidelines for Population Level Management Plans for Large Carnivores and the Recommendation of the Standing Committee of the Bern Convention, large carnivore populations that are small, isolated and shared by many EU countries should be given conservation priority. Moreover, all states, who are sharing these populations, should prepare strategies and management plans for them, not on a national level, but on a population level. This is the main goal of the 3lynx project.